March 4, 2016 | Leave a comment Of the many skin conditions known to dermatology, eczema is one of the most commonly diagnosed, yet can also be among the most difficult to effectively treat. Depending on the case, tracking the problem to its source may be difficult, but symptoms can be alleviated with the right remedies. What Is Eczema? The primary symptom of eczema is patches of chronically dry and itchy skin, most frequently found on the hands, legs, and face and neck. Though most common in children, many adults suffer from various forms of the condition, which is also known as atopic dermatitis. What Causes Eczema? While the exact cause is unknown, medical research indicates eczema is related to immune system dysfunctions, such as allergic reactions to dust mites or other irritants. A dermatologist can work with a patient to identify and mitigate the specific trigger. What Are the Treatments? Dr. Ken Landow of Skin Essentials says that whatever the cause, a good skin care regime is among the most effective defenses against eczema. Moisturizing creams and regular bathing to reduce the irritant exposure is recommended, though soaps should not be used on infected skin to avoid removing the natural skin oils. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressants can be used to control severe outbreaks. Eczema is most often a minor irritation, but serious manifestations can reduce quality of life. If regular measures are proving unsuccessful, consult a dermatology expert for more effective treatments.